Chios as most Greek English speakers know the
island, is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea.
The population is about 52,290 (census of 2001),
with an area of 910 km². The capital is also called
Khíos or Khora; it is a port and the island's chief
town. Other settlements include Vrondados, Volissos,
Kardamylla and Oinoussais, on a small but wealthy
island 5 km away. The island is famous for its
scenery and good climate. Its chief export is mastic
but it also produces olives, figs, and wine.
Khíos was colonized by Ionians but has been occupied
by the Persians, part of the Delian League and the
Byzantine Empire, before passing through the
possession of the Latin emperors of Constantinople,
the Genoese, the Ottoman Turks.
During the Turkish occupation, there was a massacre
of the islanders after a rebellion in 1822 (centered
in the village of Messolonghi), depicted by Eugène
Delacroix in his famous artwork at The Louvre. Khios
rejoined the rest of independent Greece after the
First Balkan War (1912).
The Turkish massacre of 1822, which annihilated 1/4
of the 30,000 inhabitants of the island, decimated
the Mastichohoria, the mastic growing villages in
the south of the island. It triggered enormous
public outrage in Western Europe, as can be seen in
the art of Delacroix, in the writing of Lord Byron
and Victor Hugo, and in the Gioacchino Rossini opera
Le Siège de Corinthe.
Claims to Fame
The Korai Library, in Khios, is one of the most
important in Greece, containing 95,000 volumes.
Khíos claims to be the birthplace of Homer,
Hippocrates the mathematician, and Oenopides.
Oenopion, a legendary king, is said to have brought
winemaking to the island.
Khíos is home to one of the biggest ship-owning
fraternities in Greece.
Khios' satellite islands include Oinoussais and
Psara, from where Kanaris fired the first shots in
the Greek Struggle for Independence (1822 onwards).
TEFL jobs in Chios